Curriculum Overview Subject: Science Course: Anatomy & Physiology/Honors (226) Grade Level: 11-12




Essential Activities/Agreements


Students will:


·        focus upon the structure and function of all human body systems

·         Recognize that the human body’s systems interact at the systems level to maintain homeostasis



Introduction: 12 major systems of the human body, language of anatomy, and two major themes: structure & function (S/F), and homeostasis


Cells and Tissues: S/F of 4 major tissue types


Skin: S/F of skin cell types and layers, growth, glands, homeostasis of body temperature, burns


Skeleton: S/F of whole skeleton, individual bones, and skeletal tissue, bone development, fracture repair, cartilage, sex differences, articulations


Muscles: Three muscle cell types, sliding filament model of muscle contraction, muscle structure, major muscle groups


Nervous system: S/F of the nervous system as a whole, structure of a neuron and neuroglia, action potential and synaptic conduction, neuro- transmitters, S/F of brain, spinal cord, cranial and other peripheral nerves


Special Senses: S/F of general sense receptors, Nose, Tongue, Ear, Eye, Balance


Endocrine System: S/F of endocrine organs, Hormones, Feedback systems


Cardiovascular and Lymphatic Systems:

S/F of heart and blood vessels, Cardiac cycle, Heart conduction system, EKG, Blood, Fetal circulation, S/F of lymphatic organs


Respiratory System: S/F of nose, air passages, lungs, sinuses, Pulmonary functions, Blood transport of O2 and CO2


Digestive System and Nutrition: S/F of GI tract and accessory organs, Mastication, deglutition, peristalsis, segmentation, Nutrition biochemistry, food pyramid, and nutritional disorders


Stress and Urinary, Reproductive, and Immune Systems

Students Will:

·         Use the microscope correctly.

·         Correctly use anatomical terms and biochemical concepts.

·         Demonstrate a working understanding of cell structure and function.

·         Demonstrate familiarity with histology of major tissue types.

·         Explain S/F relationships of skeleton and of skeletal tissue

·         Identify all bones of human skeleton.

·         Identify three muscle cell types.

·         Demonstrate understanding of how muscles move the body, heart, and other internal organs

·         Explain the role of the nervous system in homeostasis and how a neuron can send a message.

·         Understand major divisions of the brain, spinal cord and PNS.

·         Understand anatomy of sense organs.

·         Identify structures and explain S/F relationships.

·         Understand histology of neurons & taste buds.

·         Explain role of endocrine system in homeostasis.

·         Demonstrate understanding of histology of endocrine tissues.

·         Understand A & P of circulatory and lymphatic systems.

·         Test for pulmonary functions.

·         Demonstrate understanding of histology of tracheal and lung tissue.

·         Demonstrate understanding of histology of digestive tissues.

·         Perform the following dissections: rat, eye, brain, heart, and fetal pig


Common Laboratory Experiments:

·         the microscope

·         cells & tissues

·         the skin

·         the skeleton

·         muscles

·         the brain

·         taste, smell, the eye, the ear

·         the endocrine system

·         the heart

·         breathing

·         the digestive system

·         EKG Computer Lab


Other Essential Activities:

·         Case Studies

·         Guest Speakers

·         Unit Tests

·         Homework Assignments

·         One major research project per trimester

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